Fire Protection Engineering Study fire hazard category of factory based on factory process, process material, as per material to be stored, rack height /material storage height. Calculation of fire load Decide how and when to apply performance and prescriptive based fire design approach. Prepare Fire escape route Active fire protection system. Design yard hydrant system and internal fire hydrant system: decide number of hydrants, distance between hydrants. Design of fire sprinkler system: Selection of K factor, temperature rating of fire sprinkler based roof temperature, area coverage by sprinkler pattern, type of sprinkler upright/pendent based on factory process and process material, factory layout. Selection of fire extinguishers Design of Fire alarm and detection system (FAD) Design Foam sprinkler system Fire water tank sizing Design of pumping for as per NFPA/UL Passive fire protection: fire door, building material selection, etc.